The concept of “Culture of Peace” was born in Africa, because it was first developed on a global scale by UNESCO during the International Congress on “Peace in the Minds of Men”, organized in Yamoussoukro in Ivory Coast in 1989.

The United Nations General Assembly considers thata culture of peace consists "of values, attitudes and behaviors which reflect and promote conviviality and sharing based on the principles of freedom, justice and democracy, all human rights, tolerance and solidarity, which reject violence and incline to prevent conflicts by addressing their root causes and solving problems through dialogue and negotiation and which guarantee to all the full enjoyment of all rights and means of participate fully in the development process of their society ”.

At the regional level, the concept of a culture of peace must be able to draw on all the values, systems of thought, forms of spirituality, transmission of endogenous knowledge and technologies, traditions, and forms of cultural and artistic expression which contributes to respect for human rights, cultural diversity, solidarity and the rejection of violence with a view to building democratic societies.

In the tradition of Pan-Africanism

Heir to the history of African thought and the diaspora, the culture of peace is endogenous to the continent. African intellectuals have not adopted a posture of withdrawal or confrontation with the rest of the world. They advocated a consciousness of identity and openness to other peoples and cultures. It is to Africa and to Africans, like Léopold Sédar Senghor, that Humanity owes the concept of “refounding the civilization of the universal”, the fruit of the dialogue between culture and civilizations. Read more


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source: UNESCO
Year of publication: 2017