Radicalization

Preventing violent extremism during and after the COVID-19 pandemic

Preventing violent extremism during and after the COVID-19 pandemic

While the world’s attention appropriately focuses on the health and economic impacts of COVID-19, the threat of violent extremism remains, and has in some circumstances been exacerbated during the crisis. The moment demands new and renewed attention so that the gains made to date do not face setbacks.

Headlines over the past few weeks have suggested that violent extremist and terrorist groups ranging from Colombian hit squads to ISIS affiliates in sub-Saharan Africa to far-right extremists in the United States are watching the disruption caused by COVID-19. Many are at least aware of the potential to benefit from that disruption, and in some cases they are already taking advantage.

As with so much reporting on and analysis of the pandemic, however, there is a shortage of data and evidence to support the headlines. The Global Community Engagement and Resilience Fund (GCERF), where two of the authors work, has surveyed 50 local NGOs it supports to build community resilience against violent extremism in eight developing countries worldwide, to try to understand the nature of the threat. Six themes recur.

First, in most communities surveyed, with many schools closed and recreational and cultural activities suspended, most young people are now confined to their homes, and are spending even more time online. Their frustration, combined with a rapid growth of online vitriol, makes them more vulnerable to online radicalization to violent extremist agendas. Learn more...

 

Source : Brookings



Thwarting violent extremism: a new approach


Countering or preventing violent extremism (CVE or PVE) is a risk averse field buffeted by cautious politics and frightening violent extremist organizations (VEOs). Many donors and practitioners skirt danger by employing development approaches to thwart extremism, addressing issues like youth unemployment, poverty and unequal access to education – even as research makes plain that they are not the main reasons why a young person joins a VEO.

Such imprecise efforts make impact assessment difficult. But a second evaluation challenge is even more formidable: it is virtually impossible to prove that any initiative prevented a young person from joining a VEO.

Several members of local organizations in East Africa shared with me the best indicator of effectiveness that I have come across. They told me that they know their initiatives are interfering with VEO activities when VEO officials secure their mobile phone numbers and start texting them, remarking on where they live and, sometimes, where their children go to school. Authentic CVE/PVE work is as dangerous as it is difficult.

How can states and agencies counter violent extremism, much less prevent it? Before sharing some ideas for next steps, it’s important to get the basics right. Learn more...

 

Source : Alliance for Peacebuilding



A war of words: why counter-messaging to prevent ‘violent extremism’ is counter-productive


Many governments have stepped up efforts to counter what they see as ‘violent extremism’ in their countries. Kloé Tricot O’Farrell argues that these ‘counter-messaging’ campaigns can fuel isolation and discontent. Learn more...

 

Source : saferworld



Frontlines - Young people at the forefront of preventing and responding to violent extremism


TitleFrontlines - Young people at the forefront of preventing and responding to violent extremism

Description : The report puts forward and synthesizes data from field case studies/focus group discussions, a mapping of youth-led actions in the five regions, a global literature review, and a global survey on Youth and countering and preventing violent extremism for practitioners, to better understand young people’s aspirations and perceptions and improve programming. It is titled “Frontlines” in recognition of the fact that young people are already at the forefront of efforts to address and prevent violent extremism (PVE). 

Date of publication: 2019

Author: UNDP 

Link: DOWNLOAD



The Many Drivers Enabling Violent Extremism in Northern Mozambique


The violent extremist threat in northern Mozambique exploits underlying societal vulnerabilities of inequity, insecure land rights, and distrust of authorities.Le mouvement islamiste armé dans le Mozambique province nord de Cabo Delgado, connu localement comme « al Shabaab » (pas de relation directe avec le groupe militant somalien) ou « Sunna swahili » (le chemin swahili), entre autres noms, est responsable de plus de 100 décès , destruction de biens et déplacement de milliers de personnes. Le groupe a d'abord attiré l'attention en attaquant un commissariat de police en octobre 2017. Learn more...



Sahel countries gather around the monitoring of the integration of PVE into education systems


Mali, Niger, the Gambia, Burkina Faso, Senegal and Guinea-Bissau met for two days in Dakar to review progress in integrating the prevention of violent extremism (PVE) into their education programs and the teaching and learning processes of their respective countries. Learn more...

 

Source: UNESCO



Education and radicalisation prevention: Different ways governments can support schools and teachers in preventing/countering violent extremism


Tilte : Education and radicalisation prevention: Different ways governments can support schools and teachers in preventing/countering violent extremism

Description : Education is, arguably, central to preventing young people from being attracted to violent extremist ideologies, organisations and movements – whether extreme Islamist, far-right or other threats to cohesive, inclusive societies. Internationally, schools and education authorities have adopted a wide range of initiatives, some directly targeted at preventing and countering violent extremism (P/CVE), others more indirect and focused on areas such as anti-racism, citizenship or value pluralism ( i ). Learn more...

Issue date: 2019

Author : Radicalisation Awareness Network - RAN

Link :DOWNLOAD



In strategies to counter violent extremism, politics often trump evidence


Alors que des dizaines de pays développent des cadres nationaux de lutte contre l'extrémisme violent (CVE), ils bénéficient désormais de la recherche pour orienter leurs stratégies et leurs processus décisionnels. Malgré cette compréhension plus sophistiquée de la multiplicité des facteurs qui alimentent la radicalisation et le recrutement, les politiques et les programmes de lutte contre l’extrémisme violent sont trop souvent dictés par des facteurs politiques et d’  autres considérations  plutôt que par des données et d’autres éléments. Cela n’est nulle part plus évident que pour ce qui est du rôle de la religion dans CVE, où la religion joue un   rôle beaucoup plus important dans la réponse politique que ne l’a indiqué la recherche. Apprendre encore plus...

Source: Brookings



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